AUSTRALIA (3)

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             When we hear the word Australia, we imagine boomerang, kangaroo, crocodiles, snakes, etc.

      Australia is a vast sub-continental land. It is today an in­dependent member of the Commonwealth, self-governing since January 1, 1901. There are 6 states and an island Tasmania: New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria and Western Australia. The capital of the country is Canberra. The biggest city of Australia is Sydney. It is located in the state of New South Wales. It’s the best-known place in Australia. But New South Wales has more than cities. There are, for example, the Blue Mountains. They are covered with forests of blue colored eucalyptus trees. The air above the forest contains millions of microscopic drops of eu­calyptus oil. When the sun shines, the air of the Blue Moun­tains is a real, beautiful blue colour.

           South Australia is the driest of all the states. The only big river in this place is the Murray River. In the early of the Aus­tralian history, the Murray River was South Australia’s main road. Before real roads and railways came, the river carried people and goods from the east up into the country. Some towns on the Murray still keep the old riverboats, and visitors can ride them.

           Tasmania is an island in the south of Australia. It is not big. It’s the same size as England. It also differs from the other Australian states. There are no deserts in Tasmania. It often rains, both in winter and summer. Only half a million people live in Tasmania, and a large part of the island is still covered with wild, beautiful wild forests. These forests are full of won­derful flowers and interesting animals. Once upon a time, there was living a nation of Tasmanian people. They spoke their own language, had own culture. In a few decades after arrival of white people, they disappeared as a nation.

            Talking about the history of Australia, I should add that Australia as a whole has always been within the British sphere of influence. Firstly, it was the big colony for prisoners. It is a ridiculous fact but it is true. Later, it became an ordinary south country.

            Every year, thousands of tourists visit Ayers Rock that is located in the Northern Territory and a strange group of huge red stones, which are holy to the aboriginals.

 

 

 

               QUESTIONS:

 

1.      What do we imagine when we hear the word Australia?

2.      What parts does Australia consist of?

3.      What is the capital of the country?

4.      Where is Sydney located?

5.      What are the Blue Mountains covered with?

6.      What is the Murray River known for?

7.      Where is Tasmania situated?

8.      What is the climate in Tasmania?

9.      How many people live in Tasmania?

10.   What is a large part of the island still covered with?

11.   Why did Tasmanian people disappear as a nation?

12.   Who were sent to Australia until it became an ordinary south country?

13.   What places do thousands of tourists visit every year?

 

 

VOCABULARY:

 

boomerang — бумеранг

kangaroo — кенгуру

vast — обширный

Commonwealth — Содружество наций

to be covered with — быть покрытым чем-либо

eucalyptus — эвкалипт

realroads — наземные дороги

to differ from — отличаться от чего-либо

desert — пустыня

once upon a time — однажды

decade — десятилетие

to disappear — исчезнуть

influence — влияние

prisoner — заключенный

ridiculous — смехотворный, смешной

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