HALLOWEEN

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       Halloween is a festival that takes place on October 31. It is very popular in the United States where children take part in it. Many of them carve jack-o’-lanterns out of pumpkins. Fortunetelling and storytelling about ghosts and witches are pop­ular activities.

       Halloween developed from new year festivals and festivals of the dead. Christian church established a festival on Novem­ber 1 called All Saints’ Day so that people could continue to celebrate their festivals. The Mass said on All Saints’ Day was called Allhallowmass. The day before All Saints’ Day was known all hallows’ Eve or All Hallow e’en.

       The main Halloween activity for children is trick-or-treating. Children dress in costumes and masks and go from door to door saying «trick or treat». The neighbours give children such treats as candy, fruit and pennies so that children do not play tricks on them.

        Jack-o’-lanterns are hallowed-out pumpkins with face carved into one side. Most jack-o’-lanterns contain a candle inside. An Irish legend says that jack-o’-lanterns are named after the man called Jack. He could not enter heaven because he was a miser, and he could not enter hell because he had played jokes on devil. As a result, Jack has to walk on the earth with his lantern until Judgment Day.

        Fortunetelling is an important part of Halloween. For example, a coin, a ring, and a thimble were baked into a cake. It was believed that the person who found the coin would be­come wealthy. The one who found the ring would marry soon.And the person who found the thimble would never get mar­ried. Today people practice cardreading or palmistry.

       People once believed that there were many ghosts and witches on the Earth and that they met on October 31 to wor­ship the devil. Today, people do not believe in ghosts and wit­ches but they like to tell stories about them on Halloween.

 

 

 

QUESTIONS:

  1. What are the most popular activities on Halloween?
  2. What is the origin of Halloween?
  3. What does the word «Halloween» mean?
  4. What is trick-or-treating?
  5. What is jack-o’-lantern?
  6. What methods of fortunetelling do you know?

 

 

VOCABULARY:

Halloween — Хэллоуин; канун Дня всех святых

to trick-or-treat — выпрашивать угощение

«trick or treat» — «угощайте, а не то подшутим»

Jack-o’-lantern — фонарь

fortune telling — гадание

ghost — привидение

witch — ведьма

to establish — установить

All Saints Day — День Всех святых

mass — месса

eve — канун

treat — угощение

hallowed-out pumpkins — тыквы, пустые внутри

candle — свеча

Irish — ирландский

heaven — рай

miser — скряга, скупец

hell — ад

Judgment Day — Судный день

coin — монет

аring — кольцо

thimble — наперсток

wealthy — богатый

card reading — гадание на картах

palmistry — хиромантия, гадание по руке

to worship — поклоняться

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