NEWSPAPERS

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         Newspaper is a publication that presents and comments on the news. Newspapers play an The first newspapers were probably handwritten news- sheets posted in public places. The earliest daily newssheet was «Acta Diuma» («Daily Events») which started in Rome in 59 B.C. The first printed newspaper was Chinese publication called «Dibao» («Ті-рао») started in A.D.700’s. It was prin­ted from carved wooden blocks. The first regularly published newspaper in Europe was «Avisa Relation» or «Zeitung, started in Germany in 1609.

         Newspapers have certain advantages over other mass me­dia — magazines, TV and radio. Newspaper can cover more news and in much detail than TV or radio newcast can do. Ma­gazines focus on major national and international events of the preceeding week. But newspaper focuses on local news as well and provides information and comments faster than ma­gazine can do.

         There are about 1700 daily and 7500 weekly newspapers in the US. The circulation of some weeklies is no more than a few hundred of copies per issue and the circulation of some dailies is over a million of copies.

        There are daily newspapers and weekly newspapers. Daily newspapers print world, national and local news. Many dailies are morning papers, others are afternoon papers. Sunday is­sues of the dailies are usually larger than the weekday ones. They may include special sections on such topics as entertain­ment, finance and travel or Sunday magazine, a guide to TV programmes, coloured comics. The major dailies in the US are «Christian Science Monitor», «New Yоrk Times», «USA To­day», «Wall Street Journal», «Washington Post».

          Weekly newspapers serve usually for smaller areas. They are printed in small communities where people know each other and are interested in activities of their friends and neighbours. Weeklies report of weddings, births, deaths and news of local business and politics. Most weeklies do not print world or na­tional news.

 

 

 

QUESTIONS:

 

1.    What are the names of the first newspapers?

2.    What are the advantages of newspapers over the other mass media?     

3.    Hоw many newspapers are there in the US?

4.    What is printed in daily newspapers?

5.    What are the major newspapers in the US?

6.    What do weekly newspapers focus on?

 

 

VOCABULARY:

 

publication — издание

public opinion — общественное мнение

current events — текущие события

handwritten — написанный от руки

newssheet — листовка

to post  — вывешивать        

printed — печатный

carved wooden block - резная деревянная доска

to publish — издавать

advantage — преимущество          

to cover — осветить           

newscast — обзор новостей

preceeding week — прошлая неделя

to provide — предоставлять

daily — ежедневное издание         

weekly — еженедельник

circulation — тираж 

issue — выпуск

weekday — будний день

section — раздел      

guide to TV program — программа передач

community — община

wedding — свадьба

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