PHILADELPHIA

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        Philadelphia is situated in the east of the USA. It is one of the few large cities in the United States to have an old and well-preserved city centre. Philadelphia is an important city for American history: it was in fact to be the first capital city of the colonial states from 1790 till 1800 after their rebellion against the British government as well as being the birthplace of several famous men like Franklin, Jefferson and Washing­ton. In any case, «old», in the United States means that the historic buildings mostly date from the 18th century at the earliest. By 1774 Philadelphia had become the military, Eco­nomic, and political centre of the colonies. The USA constitu­tion was the first written constitution in the world adopted in this city in 1787. The Declaration of Independence was also proclaimed in 1776 here.

       Many US «firsts» were associated with the city of Phila­delphia: first public school was opened in 1689.

        State’s first newspaper was published here in 1719, Ame­rica’s first hospital was opened in 1755, and first American flag firstly appeared in Philadelphia in 1777.

        There are many places of interest in Philadelphia, for exam­ple, the Independence National Historical Park. We can see many monuments there. One of them is the Liberty Bell. Now the Liberty Bell is a symbol of freedom. The sound of this Bell told people about the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence. It was in July, 1776.

        Philadelphia is one of the cultural centres of the country. The Parkway is the cultural centre of Philadelphia. One can see the Philadelphia Museum of Art which is one of the grea­test art museums in the world, College of Art, Academy of Sci­ences and the Academy of Fine Arts in Philadelphia.

       There are many hotels, theatres, shops and museums in Philadelphia.

       There is the Pennsylvania University in Philadelphia. This University has an interesting and big library.

       Philadelphia is a beautiful city with many skyscrapers.

       Today, Philadelphia’s economy is one of the most diverse in the United States. It is based on a system of manufacturing, commercial, and technological activities, and on tourism. In the downtown area, there are many headquarters for major regional, national, and international corporations.

 

 

 

QUESTIONS:

  1. Where is Philadelphia situated?
  2. What is the main feature of the centre of this city?
  3. Is it an important city for American history?
  4. What famous people were born here?
  5. What happened in Philadelphia in 1776?
  6. When did American flag firstly appear in Philadelphia?
  7. What places of interest are there in Philadelphia?

 

 

 

VOCABULARY:

to be situated — находиться, располагаться

well-preserved — хорошо сохранившийся

rebellion — восстание; бунт, мятеж

government — правительство

birthplace — место рождения

to mean (meant) — означать, значить

to date from — датироваться

the Declaration of Independence — Декларация Незави­симости

to proclaim — провозглашать; объявлять

to publish — опубликовать, публиковать

to appear — появиться

the Liberty Bell — Колокол Свободы

freedom — свобода

Pennsylvania University — Университет штата Пенсиль­вания

skyscraper — небоскреб

diverse — многообразный, различный, разнообразный, разный;

manufacturing — производственный, производящий

downtown area — центральный район, центральная часть

headquarters — штаб-квартира

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