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Упражнение 377

Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на причастия.

1. Everybody looked at the dancing girl. 2. The little plump woman standing at the window is my grandmother. 3. The man playing the piano is Kate's uncle.4. Entering the room, she turned on the light. 5. Coming to the theatre, she saw that the performancehad already begun. 6. Looking out of the window,he saw his mother watering the flowers. 7. Hearing the sounds of music, we stopped talking. 8. She went into the room, leaving the door open. 9. Working at hisdesk, he listened to a new CD. 10. Frankly speaking,he has made a terrible mistake. 11. Looking throughthe newspaper, she noticed a photograph of her boss.12. Using chemicals, the firemen soon put out the firein the forest.


Упражнение 378

Замените придаточные определительные предложения причастными оборотами.

1. All the people who live in this house are students.2. The woman who is speaking now is our secretary.3. The apparatus that stands on the table inthe corner of the laboratory is quite new. 4. The youngman who helps the professor in his experiments studies at our university. 5. People who borrow books from the library must return them on time. 6. There are many pupils in our class who take partin all kinds of extracurricular activities.


Упражнение 379

Замените придаточные предложения причины причастными оборотами.

1. As he now felt more at easy, the man spoke ina louder voice. 2. Since he knew who the man was, Robert was very pleased to have the chance of talking to him. 3. As he thought that it was his brother atthe window, Steve decided to open it. 4. As the people were afraid of falling into a ditch in the darkness at any moment, they felt their way about very carefully. 5. Since he needed a shelter for the night, Peter decided to go to the neighbours' house.


Упражнение 380

Замените придаточные предложения времени причастными оборотами (не опуская союз when).

1. You must have more practice when you are learning to speak a foreign language. 2. When you speak English, pay more attention to the word order.3. When you are copying English texts, pay attention to the articles. 4. When you begin to work withthe dictionary, don't forget my instructions. 5. Becareful when you are crossing a street. 6. When you are leaving the room, don't forget to switch offthe light. 7. When they were travelling in Central Africa, the explorers met many wild animals.


Упражнение 381

Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на Past Participle.

1. She put a plate of fried fish in front of me.2. The coat bought last year is too small for me now.3. Nobody saw the things kept in that box. 4. My sister likes boiled eggs. 5. We stopped before a shutdoor. 6. Tied to the tree, the goat could not run away.7. They saw overturned tables and chairs and piecesof broken glass all over the room. 8. This is a church built many years ago. 9. The books written by Dickens give us a realistic picture of the 19th century England.10. The stolen money was returned to the bank. 11. It's no good crying over spilt milk.


Упражнение 382

Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание не Participle I и Participle II.


a) A letter sent from St Petersburg today will be in Moscow tomorrow.

b) He saw some people in the post office sending telegrams.

c) When sending the telegram, she forgot to write her name.


a) Some of the questions put to the lecturer yesterday were very important.

b) The girl putting the book on the shelf is the new librarian.

c) While putting the eggs into the basket, she broke one of them.


a) A fish taken out of the water cannot live.

b) A person sun bathing on the beach must be very careful.

c) Taking a dictionary, he began to translate the text.


a) A line seen through this crystal looks double.

b) A teacher seeing a mistake in a student's dictation always corrects it.

c) Seeing clouds of smoke over the house, the girl cried, "Fire! Fire!"


a) The word pronounced by the student was not difficult.

b) The man standing at the door of the train carriage and saying goodbye to his friends is a well-known musician.

c) Standing at the window, she was waving her hand.


a) The right word spoken at the right time may have very important results.

b) The students speaking good English must help their classmates.

c) The child was interested in the talking doll.

d) While speaking to Nick some days ago, I forgot to ask him about his sister.


Упражнение 383

Выберите из скобок требующие форму причастия.

1. a) The girl (writing, written) on the blackboard is our best pupil.

     b) Everything (writing, written) here is quite right.

2. a) We listened to the girls (singing, sung) Russian folk songs.

    b) We listened to the Russian folk songs (singing, sung) by the girls.

3. a) The girl (washing, washed) the dishes is my sister.

     b) The dishes (washing, washed) by Kate looked very clean.

4. a) Who is that boy (doing, done) his homework at that table?

     b) The exercises (doing, done) by the pupils were easy.

5. a) The house (surrounding, surrounded) by tall trees is lovely.

     b) The wall (surrounding, surrounded) the house was very high.

6.  Read the (translating, translated) sentences once more.

7.  Name some places (visiting, visited) by you last year.

8.  I picked up the pencil (lying, lain) on the floor.

9.  She was reading the book (buying, bought) the day before.

10.  Yesterday we were at a conference (organizing, organized) by the pupils of the 10th form.

11.  (Taking, taken) the girl by the hand, she led her across the street.

12.  It was not easy to find the (losing, lost) stamp.

13.  I shall show you a picture (painting, painted) by Hogarth.

14.  Here is the letter (receiving, received) by me yesterday.

15.  Do you know the girl (playing, played) in the garden?

16.  The book (writing, written) by this scientist is very interesting.

17.  Translate the words (writing, written) on the blackboard.

18.  We could not see the sun (covering, covered) by dark clouds.

19.  The (losing, lost) book was found at last.

20.  (Going, gone) along the street, I met Mary and Ann.

21.  Look at the beautiful flowers (gathering, gathered) by the children.

22.  His hat (blowing, blown) off by the wind was lying in the middle of the street.

23.  "How do you like the film?" he asked, (turning, turned) towards me.

24.  When we came nearer, we saw two boys (coming, come) towards us.

25.  I think that the boy (standing, stood) there is his brother.


Упражнение 384

Раскройтескобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Participle или Perfect Participle.

1. (to do) his homework, he was thinking hard.2. (to do) his homework, he went for a walk. 3. (tosell) fruit, he looked back from time to time, hoping to see his friends. 4. (to sell) all the fruit, he went tosee his friends. 5. (to eat) all the potatoes, she dranka cup of tea. 6. (to drink) tea, she scalded her lips.7. (to run) in the yard, I fell and hurt my knee. 8. (to look) through some magazines, I came across an interestingarticle about UFOs. 9. (to write) out and (tolearn) all the new words, he was able to translate the text easily. 10. (to live) in the south of our country,he cannot enjoy the beauty of St Petersburg's White Nights in summer. 11. (to talk) to her neighbour in the street, she did not notice how a thief stole her money. 12. (to read) the story, she closed the book and put it on the shelf. 13. (to buy) some juice and cakes, we went home. 14. (to sit) near the fire, hefelt very warm.


Упражнение 385

Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на причастия.

1. The boy lay sleeping when the doctor came. 2. The broken arm was examined by the doctor. 3. While being examined, the boy could not help crying. 4. Having prescribed the medicine, the doctor went away. 5. The medicine prescribed by the doctor was bitter. 6. The dress bought at the department store was very beautiful. 7. While using a needle, you should be careful not to prick your finger. 8. While crossing the street, one should first look to the left and then to the right. 9. People watching a performance are called an audience. 10. Being very ill, she could not go to school. 11. The first rays of the rising sun lit up the top of the hill. 12. The tree struck by lightning was all black and leafless. 13. Being busy, he postponed his trip. 14. The door bolted on the inside could not be opened. 15. Having been shown the wrong direction, the travellers soon lost their way. 16. The room facing the garden is much more comfortable than this one. 17. Having descended the mountain, they heard a man calling for help. 18. Flushed and excited, the boy came running to his mother. 19. He stood watching the people who were coming down the street shouting and waving their hands.


Упражнение 386

Переведите следующие русские nричастия и деепричастия на английский язык.

Приносящий, принесенный, принося, принеся,переводящий, переведенный, переводя, переведя,давая, написав, читающий, берущий, данный, прочитав,сделанный, пьющий, сказанный, будучи потерянным, нарисовав, написавший, делан, взятый,взяв, рисуя, выпитый, сделав, идя, пишущий, прочитанный,дав, рисующий, делающий, нарисованный,

выпив, говорящий, беря, написанный, читан, идущий, дающий, сказав, сидевший, посмотрев, будучи забыт, строящий, строящийся, игран, поиграв, рассказанный, рассказавший, видя, принесший, будучи принесенным, построенный, продав.


Упражнение 387

В следующих предложениях утютребиme. где возможно, nричастuя вместо глаголов в личной форме. Изменяйте конструкцию предложения, где необходимо.

1. When he was running across the yard, he fell. 2. When I was going home yesterday, I kept thinking about my friend. 3. He put on his coat, went out and looked at the cars which were passing by. 4. She closed the book, put it aside and looked at the children who were running about in the yard. 5. As the book was translated into Russian, it could be read by everybody. 6. As we were given dictionaries, we managed to translate the article easily. 7. As soon as I have done my homework, I shall go for a walk. 8. As soon as I have bought the book, I shall begin reading it.


Упражнение 388

Раскройте скобки, употребляя требующуюся форму причастия.

1. (to write) in very bad hand writing, the letter was difficult to read. 2. (to write) his first book, hecould not help worrying about the reaction of the critics. 3. (to spend) twenty years abroad, he was happy to becoming home. 4. (to be) so far away from home, he still felt himself part of the family. 5. She looked at the enormous bunch of roses with a happy smile,never (to give) such a wonderful present before. 6. (not to wish) to discuss that difficult and painful problem, he changed the subject. 7. (to translate) bya good specialist, the story preserved all the sparkling humour of the original. 8. (to approve) by the Critics, the young author's story was accepted by a thick magazine. 9. (to wait) for some time in the hall, he was invited into the drawing room. 10. (to wait) for some the hall, he thought over the problem he was planning to discuss with the old lady. 11. They reached the oasis at last, (to walk) across the endless desert the whole day. 12. (to lie) down on the soft couch,the exhausted child fell asleep at once. 13. She went to work, (to leave) the child with the nurse. 14. (to phone) the agency, he left (to say) he would be backin two hours.


Упражнение 389

Замените выделенные части предложений причастными оборотами. Изменяйте конструкцию предложения, где необходимо.

1. When he arrived at the railway station, he bought a ticket, walked to the platform and boarded the train. 2. As he was promised help, he felt calmer.3. After he was shown in, he was told to take off his coat and wait for a while. 4. Robinson started the building of the house at once and finished it before the season of rains set in. 5. He poured out a cup of coffee, sat down in an armchair and looked at the woman who was sitting opposite him. 6. When he had left the house and was crossing the street, he suddenly stopped as he remembered that he had forgotten to take his tablets. 7. He looked at me and he sitated: he did not know what to say. 8. As he had long lived in those parts and knew the place very well, he easily found his way to the market place. 9. He has no language problems, because he has been studying English for a long time. 10. After I had written this exercise, I began to doubt whether it was correct. 11. Take care when you cross the street. 12. Students should always be attentive when they are listening to the lecturer. 13. There are many students who study music. 14. Don't you feel tired after you have walked so much?


Упражнение 390

Переведите на английский язык, употребляя требующуюся форму причастия.

1. Артистка, рассказывающая детям сказки по радио, знаменита на всю страну. 2. Ребенок всегда с интересом слушает сказки, рассказываемые няней. 3. Рассказывая ребенку сказки, она говорит разными голосами, имитируя героев сказок.4. Рассказав ребенку сказку, она пожелала ему спокойной ночи. 5. Сказка, рассказанная няней,произвела на ребенка большое впечатление. 6. Моя бабушка, рассказавшая мне эту сказку, живет в маленьком домике на берегу озера.


Упражнение 391

Переведите на английский язык, употребляя требующуюся форму причастия.

1. Мальчик, бегущий мимо дома, вдруг остановился. 2. Будучи очень занят, он не сразу услышал меня. 3. Услышав шаги, он поднял голову. 4. Выпив чашку чая, она почувствовала себя лучше. 5. Играя в саду, дети не заметили, что стало темно. 6. Подойдя к двери, он открыл ее. 7. Том подошел к смеющейся девочке. 8. Он положил на стол смятое письмо. 9. Плачущая девочка была голодна. 10. Бабушка смотрела на детей, играющих во дворе. 11. Она любит смотреть на играющих детей. 12. Сделав уроки, дети пошли гулять. 13. Лежа на диване, он читал книгу. 14. Принеся свои игрушки в комнату, ребенок начал играть. 15. Прочитав много книг Диккенса, он хорошо знал этого писателя.


Упражнение 392

Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на независимый причастный оборот.

1. The weather being cold, he put on his overcoat. 2. The weather having changed, we decided to stay where we were. 3. You can set your mind at easy, all being well. 4. There being no chance of escape, the thief was arrested on the spot. 5. Oliver knocked weakly at the door and, all his strength falling him, sank near the door. 6. The bridge having been swept by the flood away, the train didn't arrive. 7. There being little time left, they took a cab to get to the theatre in time. 8. It being cold and damp, a fire was lighted for the weary travellers to warm themselves by. 9. It being pretty late, they decided to postpone their visit. 10. The hour being late, she has tened home. 11. The sun having set an hour before, it was getting darker. 12. The weather being very warm, the closet window was left open. 13. And the wind having dropped, they set out to walk. 14. The vessel being pretty deep in the water and the weather being calm, there was but little motion.15. The next morning, it being Sunday, they all went to church. 16. For the moment the shop was empty, the mechanic having disappeared into a room at the back. 17. There being nothing else on the table, Oliver replied that he wasn't hungry. 18. Mrs Maylie being tired, they returned more slowly home.19. Their search revealing nothing, Clyde and she walked to a corner. 20. The wind being favourable, our yacht will reach the island in no time. 21. I hadlong tasks every day to do with Mr Mell, but I did them, there being no Mr and Miss Murdstone here. 22. It being now pretty late, we took our candle sand went upstairs. 23. He being no more heard of, it was natural to forget everything. 24. He started about five, Riggs having informed him that the way would take him three hours. 25. Our horses being weary, it was agreed that we should come to a halt. 26. It having been decided that they should not goout on account of the weather, the members of the party were busy writing their notes. 27. The wind stirring among trees and bushes, we could hear nothing. 28. The resistance being very high, the currentin the circuit was very low. 29. This material being a dielectric, no current can flow through it.


Упражнение 393

Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на независимый причастный оборот.

1. His directions to the porter finished, he came up to his niece. 2. Dinner being over, we assembledin the drawing room. 3. The fifth of June arriving, they departed. 4. This being understood, the conferencewas over. 5. The constraint caused by the oldman's presence having worn off a little, the conversation became more lively. 6. This done, and Sikeshaving satisfied his appetite, the two men lay down on chairs for a short nap. 7. The concert being over, the lottery came next. 8. Dinner being over, the oldlady asked Barbara to come and sit on the sofa nearher. 9. Then, the house search proving that she was not there, Asa went outside to look up and down the street. 10. All the necessary preparations having been made with outmost secrecy, the army launchedan attack. 11. The treaty having been signed, trade was at once resumed. 12. About eleven o'clock, the snow having thawed, and the day being finer anda little warmer than the previous one, he went out again. 13. The cathode heated, the electrons leave the surface and move to the anode. 14. Electrons moving through a wire, electrical energy is generated.


Упражнение 394

Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на независимый причастный оборот.

1. Then they heard the noise of the plane, its shadow passing over the open glade. 2. She remembered him talking, his glasses magnifying his round blue eyes. 3. She sat staring into the fire, the sock forgotte non her knee. 4. He heard the bathers coming up the sandy road, their voices ringing through the quiet. 5. They continued their way, the boy sobbing quietly, the man ashamed. 6. They went down the stairs together, Aileen lingering behind a little. 7. He lifted the lid and kept it in his hand while she was drinking, both standing. 8. She danced light as a feather, eyes shining, feet flying, her body bent a little forward. 9. We walked very slowly home, Agnes and I admiring the moonlight, and Mr Wickfield scarcely risinghis eyes from the ground. 10. They walked quickly through street after street, the Dodger leading and Oliver at his heels. 11. He was standing there silent, a bitter smile curling his lips. 12. The dog sat close to the table, his tail thumping now and again upon the floor, his eyes fixed expectantly on his master. 13. The electrons move with varying velocities, their velo city depending on the temperature and nature of the material. 14. Any moving object can do work, the quantity of kinetic energy depending on its massand velocity. 15. Radio was invented in Russia, its inventor being the Russian scientist A. S. Popov.


Упражнение 395

Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на независимый причастный оборот.

1. She stood listlessly, her head dropping upon her breast. 2. She rose from the bed and removed her coat and stood motionless, her head bent, her hands clasped before her. 3. Pale-lipped, his heart beating fast, Andrew followed the secretary. 4. Jacksat silent, his long legs stretched out. 5. The speaker faced the audience, his hand raised for silence. 6. He sat down quickly, his face buried in his hands. 7. Clyde sat up, his eyes fixed not on anything here but rather on the distant scene at the lake. 8. She hurried along, her heels crunching in the packed snow.


Упражнение 396

Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на независимый причастный оборот.

1. Little Paul sat, with his chin resting on his hand. 2. He stood, with his arms folded. 3. Lanny stood looking at the lorry rolling away, with his cheek burning and his fists clenched. 4. She stood there, with her brows frowning, her blue eyes looking before her. 5. He leant a little forward over the table, with his wrists resting upon it. 6. And then came the final moment, with the guards coming him. 7. He slowly and carefully spread the paper on the desk, with Lowell closely watching. 8. She was standing on the rock ready to dive, with the green water below inviting her. 9. Twenty minute she came out of number seven, pale, with his lips tightly compressed and an odd expression on his face. 10. Little Oliver Twist was lying on the ground, with his shirt unbuttoned and his head thrown back. 11. The girl wandered away, with tears rolling down her cheeks. 12. The moon lit road was empty,with the cool wind blowing in their faces. 13. She satthe steps, with her arms crossed upon her knees. 14. Then, with her heart beating fast, she wentand rang the bell.


Упражнение 397

Перефразируйте следующие предложения, употребляя независимый причастный оборот.

1. As our work was finished, we went home. 2. If the letter is posted today, the news will reach tomorrow. 3. If mother permits us, we shall go the theatre. 4. When the working day was over, she went straight home. 5. As a storm was arising, the ship entered the harbour. 6. When the parking had been done, the girls left for the station. 7. As the stop was a long one, the girls got off the train. 8. As the weather was perfect, Lydia played tennis every day. 9. As the last month was a very busy one, she could not answer her friend's letter. 10. If time permits, we shall come a few days earlier. 11. When the third bell had gone, the curtain slowly rose. 12. As the underground station was not far, we walked there. 13. Bill could not sleep the whole night, as there was something wrong with his eye.14. As the rules were very strict, the door keeper did not permit Bill to enter. 15. As the front doorwas open, she could see straight through the house. 16. Rip had no desire to work on his farm, for it was to his mind the worst piece of land in the neighbourhood.17. They stood there; the night wind was shaking the drying whispering leaves. 18. As the situationwas urgent, we had to go ahead. 19. Whenthe greetings were over, Old Jolyon seated himself in a wicker chair. 20. The town of Crewe is known to be one of the most busy junctions in England: many railway lines pass through it. 21. We set off; the rain was still coming down heavily. 22. Aftera private sitting room had been engaged, bedrooms in spected and dinner ordered, the party walked out to view the city. 23. Dinner was served on the terrace, as it was very close in the room. 24. Thoughtful, Andrew finished his omelette; his eyes were all the time fixed upon the microscope. 25. There was infact nothing to wait for, and we got down to work. 26. The question was rather difficult to answer at once, and I asked permission to think it over. 27. He stood leaning against the wall, his arms were folded. 28. There was very little time left; we had to hurry. 29. Of an evening he read aloud; his small son sat by his side. 30. The new engines were safely delivered, all of them were in good order. 31. Our efforts tostart the car had failed, and we spent the night ina nearby village.


Упражнение 398

Переведите на английский язык, употребляя независимый причастный оборот.

1. Если погода позволит, мы пойдем на каток. 2. Так как все было готово, она решила отдохнуть. 3. Так как было уже поздно, они никуда не пошли. 4. Так как погода была холодная, Джек спрятал руки в карманы. 5. Так как быстро темнело, она поспешила домой. 6. Когда солнце зашло, сразу стало темно. 7. Так как наш разговор был закончен, я пошел домой. 8. Когда письмо было написано, она быстро побежала на почту отправить его. 9. Так как оставалось еще полчаса до отхода поезда, мы решили поужинать на вокзале. 10. Если погода будет благоприятной, спортсмены могут показать хорошие результаты. 11. Мы долго разговаривали: он задавал мне вопросы, а я охотно на них отвечал. 12. Если условия позволят, я приеду к вам на лето. 13. Так как было очень тепло, дети спали на открытом воздухе. 14. Когда все приготовления были закончены, мы отправились в поход. 15. Корабль медленно плыл вдоль берегов Белого моря; сотни птиц кружились над ним. 16. Было очень темно, так как на небе не было ни одной звездочки. 17. Когда солнце село, туристы развели костер. 18. Так как было очень поздно, собрание было закрыто.



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