Согласование времен. Косвенная речь

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Упражнение 310

Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на употребление времен в русском и английском языках.

1. We did not know where our friends went every evening. 2. We did not know where our friends had gone. 3. She said that her best friend was a doctor. 4. She said that her best friend had been a doctor. 5. I didn’t know that you worked at the Hermitage. 6. I didn’t know that you had worked at the Hermit­age. 7. I knew that you were ill. 8. I knew that you had been ill. 9. We found out that she left home at eight o’clock every morning. 10. We found out that she had left home at eight o’clock that morning. 11. When he learnt that his son always received excellent marks in all the subjects at school, he was very pleased. 12. When he learnt that his son had received an ex­cellent mark at school, he was very pleased.


Упражнение 311

Перепишите следующие предложения в прошед­шем времени. Обратите внимание на зависимость времени придаточного дополнительного предложе­ния от времени главного.

1. My uncle says he has just come back from the Caucasus. 2. He says he has spent a fortnight in the Caucasus. 3. He says it did him a lot of good. 4. He says he feels better now. 5. He says his wife and he spent most of their time on the beach. 6. He says they did a lot of sightseeing.7. He says he has a good camera. 8. He says he took a lot of colour photographs while travelling in-the Caucasus. 9. He says he will come to see us next Sunday. 10. He says he will bring and show us the photographs he took during his stay in the Caucasus.


Упражнение 312

Перепишите следующие предложения в прошед­шем времени. Обратите внимание на зависимость времени придаточного дополнительного предложе­ния от времени главного.

1. Mike says he is sure Ann and Kate will be excellent guides. 2. He says they have made good progress in English. 3. Oleg says that in a day or two several English students will come to pay a visit to their school and he will probably have to act as an interpreter. 4. Ann says she has just met Boris in the street. 5. She says Boris told her a lot of interest­ing things about his travels in the south. 6. Nick says he is going to the hotel to see his friends, who have just arrived in St Petersburg from the United States of America. 7. Hе says they have not been in their beloved city for a long time. 8. He says they were friends at school. 9. He says he will take them to the theatre on Sunday. 10. They say they will write him a letter when they return home.


Упражнение 313

Раскройте скобки, выбирая требующееся время глагола.

1. My friend asked me who (is playing, was play­ing) the piano in the sitting room. 2. He said he (will come, would come) to the station to see me off. 3. I Was sure he (posted, had posted) the letter. 4. I think the weather (will be, would be) fine next week. I hope it (will not change, would not change) for the worse. 5. I knew that he (is, was) a very clever man. 6. I want to know what he (has bought, had bought) for her birthday. 7. I asked my sister to tell me what she (has seen, had seen) at the museum. 8. He said he (is staying, was staying) at the Ritz Hotel. 9. They realized that they (lost, had lost) their way in the dark. 10. He asked me where I (study, studied). 11. I thought that I (shall finish, should finish) my work at that time. 12. He says he (works, worked) at school two years ago. 13. Victor said he (is, was) very busy.


Упражнение 314

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в требу­ющемся времени.

1. I knew they (to wait) for me at the metro sta­tion and I decided to hurry. 2. I didn’t know that you already (to wind) up the clock. 3. I was afraid that the little girl (not to be) able to unlock the front door and (to go) upstairs to help her. 4. He says that he (to know) the laws of the country. 5. Sarie understood why Lanny (not to come) the previous evening. 6. She asked me whether I (to remember) the legend about a faithful lion. 7. He understood that the soldiers (to arrest) him. 8. He could not understand why people (not to want) to take water from that well. 9. I suppose they (to send) a dog after the burglar immediately. 10. He said he (to leave) tomorrow morning. 11. She says she already (to find) the book. 12. He stopped and listened: the clock (to strike) five. 13. She said she (can) not tell me the right time, her watch (to be) wrong. 14. I asked my neighbour if he ever (to travel) by air before. 15. The policeman asked George where he (to run) so early. 16. The delegates were told that the guide just (to go) out and (to be) back in ten minutes.


Упражнение 315

Употребите следующие предложения как прида­точные дополнительные, в роли главных используя предложения, данные в скобках. Сдвигайте времена в соответствии с правилом согласования времен.

1. You will fall and break your leg. (I was afraid) 2. My friend has never been to Washington. (I knew) 3. She never drinks milk. (I was told). 4. He is a very talented singer. (We were told) 5. They live a happy life. (We knew) 6. The children are playing in the yard. (She thought) 7. Her friend will come to see her. (She hoped) 8. Father has-repaired his bicycle. (He thought) 9. She knows English very well. (I supposed) 10. Our sportsmen will win the game. (We were sure) 11. He does not know German at all. (I found out) 12. She made no mistakes in her dictation. (She was glad) 13. He works on his English hard. (I knew) 14. She dances better than anybody else. (I was told) 15. My cousin has received a very interesting offer from his firm. (I learnt) 16. She will come to stay with us. (My aunt wrote in her letter) 17. He is painting a new picture. (We heard) 18. His new picture will be a masterpiece. (We were sure)


Упражнение 316

Переведите на английский язык, соблюдая прави­ло согласования времен.

1. Я знала, что Аня работает на заводе, что у нее есть муж и двое детей, что семья у нее очень дружная и она счастлива. 2. Он сказал мне вчера, что раньше он учился в университете. 3. Мы ре­шили на прошлой неделе, что будущим летом мы все поедем в Крым. 4. Сестра сказала, что хочет приехать к нам сама.5. Я знала, что она очень занята. 6. Никто не знал, что вы ждете здесь. Пойдемте в дом. 7. Гид предупредил нас, что в той части города движение довольно сильное. 8. Секретарь не заметил, что директор с кем-то разговаривает.9. Все мы знали, что их семья опять в Санкт-Петербурге. 10. Лена сказала, что она дарит нам ту картину. 11. Она сказала, что ее коллеги всегда дают ей прекрасные советы. 12. Он сказал, что любит ту пьесу. 13. В прошлом году они думали, что никогда не будут хорошо читать по-английски, но вчера они увидели, что читают тексты довольно хорошо. 14. Он сказал мне вчера, что его отец — профессор и живет в Москве.


Упражнение 317

Переведите на английский язык, соблюдая прави­ло согласования времен.

1. Я боялся, что заблужусь в лесу. 2. Она знала, что мы никогда не видели ее картины. 3. Ученый был уверен, что найдет решение проблемы. 4.Язнал, что ты приехал в Санкт-Петербург, и полагал, что ты навестишь меня. 5. Мы не думали, что он так рассердится. 6. Мы вчера узнали, что она больна. 7.Он думал, что она не придет в школу. 8. Я знал, что моя сестра изучает французский язык, и думал, что она поедет в Париж. 9. Мне сказали, что ты мне звонил. 10. Я думал, что ты в Москве. 11. Я не знал, что ты уже вернулся в Санкт-Петербург. 12. Мы надеялись, что поедем в Лондон. 13. Учитель сказал, что наши друзья из Лондона прислали письмо. 14.Она сказала, что ее подруга пригласила ее в театр. 15. Мы боялись, что не купим билет в театр. 16. Мы увидели, что дети играют в песке. 17. Она сказала, что больше не будет купаться, потому что вода холодная. 18. Моя двоюродная сестра сказала, что любит оперу и будет рада пойти с нами в театр, хотя уже дважды слушала «Травиату».


Упражнение 318

Переведите на английский язык, соблюдая прави­ло согласования времен.

1. Все были уверены, что Борис хорошо сдаст экзамены. 2. Он говорил, что Лев Толстой — его любимый писатель. 3. Я знал, что вы живете в Москве, но не знал вашего адреса. 4. Он сказал, что бросит курить. 5. Все знали, что она поедет в Рим. 6. Простите, мы не думали, что вы ждете нас. 7. Я не знал, что вы тоже любите футбол. 8. Я был уверен, что он будет выдающимся ар­тистом. 9. Я боялся, что вы не последуете моему совету. 10. Я не знал, что ты будешь работать в читальном зале. 11. Я думал, что он подождет меня. 12. Он боялся, что ему будет трудно сделать доклад.13. Андрей сказал нам, что, когда он вошел в комнату, его друг уже сидел на диване. Он читал газету. 14. Мы надеялись, что она скоро придет. 15. Он сказал, что не знает, когда начнется конференция. 16. Я был уверен, что, если мы поспешим, мы не опоздаем на поезд. 17. Он спросил меня, что я буду делать вечером. Я ответил, что не знаю, буду ли я свободен вечером, но сказал, что, если буду свободен, то позвоню ему часов в восемь.


Упражнение 319

Передайте следующие повелительные предложе­ния в косвенной речи.

1. “Explain to me how to solve this problem,” my friend said to me. 2. The doctor said to Nick, “Open your mouth and show me your tongue.” 3. “Don’t be afraid of my dog,” said the man to Kate. 4. “Take this book and read it,” said the librarian to the boy. 5. The doctor said to Pete, “Don’t go for a walk today.” 6. “Don’t eat too much ice cream,” Nick’s mother said to him. 7. “Go home,” the teacher said to us. 8. “Buy some meat in the shop,” my mother said to me. 9. “Sit down at the table and do your homework,” my mother said to me. 10. “Don’t forget  to clean your teeth,” said granny to Helen. 11. “Don’t sit up late,” said the doctor to Mary.


Упражнение 320

Передайте следующие повелительные предложе­ния в косвенной речи.

1. The teacher said to me, “Hand this note to your parents, please.” 2. Oleg said to his sister, “Put the letter in an envelope and give it to Kate.” 3. “Please help me with this work, Henry,” said Robert. 4. “Please bring me some fish soup,” he said to the waitress. 5. “Don’t worry over such a small thing,” she said to me. 6. “Please don’t mention it to anybody,” Mary said to her friend.7. “Promise to come and see me,” said Jane to Alice. 8. He said to us, “Come here tomorrow.”9. I said to Mike, “Send me a telegram as soon as you arrive.” 10. Father said to me, “Don’t stay there long.” 11. Peter said to them, “Don’t leave the room until I come back.” 12. “Take my luggage to Room 145,” he said to the porter. 13. He said to me, “Ring me up tomor­row.” 14. “Bring me a cup of black coffee,” she said to the waiter. 15. “Don’t be late for dinner,” mother said to us. 16. Jane said to us, “Please tell me all you know about it.” 17. She said to Nick, “Please don’t say anything about it to your sister.”


Упражнение 321

Передайте следующие повествовательные пред­ложения в косвенной речи.

1. Oleg said, “My room is on the second floor.” 2. He said, “I am sure she will ring me up when she is back in St Petersburg.” 3. Misha said, “I saw them at my parents’ house last year.” 4. He said, “I haven’t seen my cousin today.” 5. “I don’t go to this shop very often,” she said. 6. Tom said, “I have already had breakfast, so I am not hungry.” 7. He said, “I have just received a letter from my uncle.” 8. “I am going to the theatre tonight,” he said to me. 9. Mike said, “I spoke to Mr Brown this morn­ing.” 10. He said to her, “I shall do it today if I have time.” 11. I said to them, “I can give you my uncle’s address.”


Упражнение 322

Передайте следующие повествовательные пред­ложения в косвенной речи.

1. The woman said to her son, “I am glad I am here.” 2. Mike said, “We have bought these books today.” 3. She said to me, “Now I can read your translation.” 4. “This man spoke to me on the road,” said the woman. 5. “I can’t explain this rule to you,” my classmate said to me. 6. The teacher said to the class, “We shall discuss this subject tomorrow.” 7. Our teacher said, “Thackeray’s novels are very interesting.” 8. She said, “You will read this book in the 9th form.”9. Nellie said, “I read ‘Jane Eyre’ last year.” 10. “My friend lives in Moscow,” said Alec. 11. “You have not done your work well,” the teach­er said to me. 12. The poor man said to the rich man, “My horse is wild. It can kill your horse.” 13. The rich man said to the judge, “This man’s horse has killed my horse.”


Упражнение 323

Передайте следующие повествовательные пред­ложения в косвенной речи.

1. Masha said, “I usually spend my holidays in іthe south.”2. She said, “I spent my holidays in the Crimea last year.” 3. Boris said, “I go to the south every year.”4. Не said, “I am going to a ski resort tomorrow.” 5. Ann said to us, “They haven’t come yet.” 6. She said to us, “They arrived in St Peters­burg yesterday.” 7. I said, “I have been in London for a fortnight’s holiday. My friends in London sometimes invite me to spend my leisure time with them.” 8. Nick said, “I have never been to London. I think I shall go there next year.” 9. He said, “I shall not stay with my friends too long.” 10. He said to me, “They are stay­ing at the Grand Hotel Europe.” 11. He said, “They are leaving next Monday.” 12. The clerk said to them, “You can leave the key with the maid upstairs.”


Упражнение 324

Передайте следующие повествовательные пред­ложения в косвенной речи.

1. The mother said, “The children are in the nur­sery, doctor.” 2. “I have no time for lunch today,” said the boy to his mother. 3. “You speak English very well,” the woman said to me. 4. My brother said to me, “I am going to become a doctor.” 5. My uncle said to us, “I buy several newspapers every day.” 6. The teacher said to the pupils, “Next year we shall have six hours of English a week.” 7. He said to me, “I want to see you today.” 8. She said, “I am free tonight”. 9. Mother said to me, “I feel bad to­day.”10. The pupil said to the teacher, “I can do my homework after dinner.” 11. The teacher said to Jack, “You work hard, I know. You are a good boy.” 12. The old man said to the girl, “You can sing per­fectly. I think you will be a famous singer.” 13. My sister said to me, “You look very well, much better than you looked yesterday. I think you have recov­ered after your illness.” 14. “You are an excellent cook. Everything is so tasty,” my guest said to met 15. The student said, “I can’t answer this question. I don’t understand it.”


Упражнение 325

Передайте следующие повествовательные предло­жения в косвенной речи. Употребляйте любое суще­ствительное или местоимение в роли подлежащего главного предложения.

1. I shall come as soon as I am ready. 2. You will know that I have gone to the concert if I am not at home by eight. 3. I’ll come to the Philharmonic with you if you get tickets. 4. Five years ago there were no people living here at all. 5. I shall go skiing on Sunday if I have time. 6. They finished building this house only last week. 7. It will be so pleasant when Tom comes home. 8. I shall do it now if you like. 9. My brother was here early today. 10. It’s a pity you didn’t come earlier. 11. There will be an interesting lecture at our school tomorrow. One of our teachers will speak about Charles Dickens. 12. Last year I spent my summer vacation in the Caucasus. 13. I came to live in this town several years ago. 14. I’ll be reading you a story until it is time to go to bed. 15. I have read all about it in today’s newspaper. 16. It’s not funny if there is no money, sonny.


Упражнение 326

Передайте следующие повествовательные пред­ложения в косвенной речи.

1. “When your turn comes, listen very carefully to what the doctor tells you,” I said to my grandmother. 2. “If you are in a hurry, we shall only do the first experiment,” the laboratory assistant said to me. 3. “I shan’t start anything new until I have finished this novel,” said the writer to the corre­spondent. 4. “When I get a job, I’ll buy you a warm coat,” said the boy’s father. 5. “If you spill the milk, there won’t be any for the cat,” my mother said to me. 6. “When you come to see me on Sunday, I shall show you my new dress,” she said to me. 7. “If Mary arrives before seven, bring her to our house for the evening,” said Jane to Henry. 8. “Don’t wait until I come. As soon as you finish the exercises, begin playing volleyball,” said the PT teacher to the pupils. 9. “As soon as Robert appears, ask him where he put the dictionary,” said Mary to her mother.


Упражнение 327

Восстановите прямую речь в следующих пред­ложениях.

1. Tom said he would go to see the doctor the next day. 2. He told me he was ill. 3. He told me he had fallen ill. 4. They told me that Tom had not come to school the day before. 5. I told my sister that she might catch a cold. 6. She told me she had caught a cold. 7. He said that while crossing the En­glish Channel they had stayed on deck all the time. 8. The woman said she had felt sick while crossing the Channel. 9. She said she was feeling bad that day.10. The old man told the doctor that he had pain in his right side. 11. He said he had just been examined by a good doctor. 12. He said he would not come to school until Monday. 13. The man said he had spent a month at a seaside resort. 14. He said that his health had greatly improved since then.


Упражнение 328

Передайте следующие специальные вопросы в кос­венной речи.

1. I said to Nick, “Where are you going?” 2. I said to him, “How long are you going to stay there?” 3. I said to him, “How long will it take you to get there?” 4. He said to her, “Where do you usually spend your summer holidays?” 5. Ann said to Mike, “When did you leave London?” 6. She said to Boris, “When will you be back home?” 7. Boris said to them, “How can I get to the railway station?” 8. Mary asked Tom, “What time will you come here tomor­row?” 9. She asked me, “Why didn’t you come here yesterday?” 10. She asked me, “What will you do tomorrow if you are not busy at your office?” 11. Pete said to his friends, “When are you leaving St Petersburg?” 12. He said to them, “Who will you see before you leave the city?” 13. They said to him, “What time does the train leave?” 14. I asked Mike, “What will you do after dinner?” 15. I asked my uncle, “How long did you stay in the Crimea?” 16. Mother said to me, “Who has brought this par­cel?” 17. Ada said to me, “Where did you see such trees?” 18. I said to Becky, “What kind of book has your friend brought you?”


Упражнение 329

Передайте следующие специальные вопросы в кос­венной речи, начиная каждое предложение со слов, данных в скобках.

1. Where is he going? (He didn’t tell anybody...) 2. Where has he gone? (Did you know...) 3. Where is he? (Did you know...) 4. When is he leaving school? (I wanted to know...) 5. Where does he live? (Nobody knew...) 6. When will he come back? (She asked them...) 7. Where did she buy this hat? (He wanted to know...) 8. How much did she pay for it? (I had no idea...) 9. Where did I put the book? (I forgot...) 10. Who has given you this nice kitten? (She wanted to know...) 11. Where can I buy an English-Russian dictionary? (He asked me...) 12. How long will it take your brother to get to Madrid? (He won­dered...)


Упражнение 330

Передайте следующие общие вопросы в косвенной речи.

1. I said to Boris, “Does your friend live in Lon­don?” 2. They said to the mam, “Are you living in a hotel?” 3. He said to his friend, “Will you stay at the Hilton?” 4. He said to me, “Do you often go to see your friends?” 5. He said to me, “Will you see your friends before you leave St Petersburg?” 6. Mike said to Jane, “Will you come to the railway station to see me off?” 7. She said to me, “Have you sent them an e-mail?” 8. She said to me, “Did you send them an e-mail yesterday?” 9. I said to Mike, “Have you packed your suitcase?” 10. I said to Kate, “Did anybody meet you at the station?” 11. I said to her, “Can you give me their address?” 12. I asked Tom, “Have you had breakfast?” 13. I asked my sister, “Will you stay at home or go for a walk after din­ner?” 14. I said to my mother, “Did anybody come to see me?” 15. I asked my sister, “Will Nick call for you on the way to school?” 16. She said to the young man, “Can you call a taxi for me?” 17. Mary said to Peter, “Have you shown your photo to Dick?” 18. Oleg said to me, “Will you come here tomorrow?” 19. He said to us, “Did you go to the museum this morning?”


Упражнение 331

Передайте следующие общие вопросы в косвенной речи, начиная каждое предложение со слов, данных в скобках.

1. Have they sold the picture? (I did not know...) 2. Do they know anything about it? (I wondered...) 3. Has Jack given you his telephone number? (She asked me...) 4. Is he coming back today? (I was not sure...) 5. Have you found the book? (She asked me...) 6. Are there any more books here? (The man asked...) 7. Did she go shopping yesterday (I wanted to know...) 8. Has she bought the dictionary? (He did not ask her...) 9. Does she know the name of the man? (I doubted...) 10. Did Boris see the man this morning? (I asked...)


Упражнение 332

Передайте следующие вопросительные предложе­ния в косвенной речи.

1. Kate said, “Mike, do you like my dress?” 2. Grandfather said to Mary, “What mark did you get at school?” 3. My sister said to me, “Will you take me to the theatre with you tomorrow?” 4. Moth­er asked me, “Did you play with your friends yes­terday?” 5. “Why don’t you play with your friends, Kate?” said her mother. 6. “Do you like chocolates?” my little sister said to me. 7. “Did you see your granny yesterday, Lena?” asked Mr Brown. 8. The doctor asked Nick, “Do you wash your face and hands every morning?” 9. The teacher said to Mike, “Does your father work at a factory?” 10. Mother said to us, “What are you doing here?” 11. Father said to Nick, “Have you done your homework?” 12. Tom said, “Ann, where are your friends?”


Упражнение 333

Восстановите прямую речь в следующих пред­ложениях.

1. I asked if they had taken the sick man to hospital. 2. I asked my friend if he had a head­ache. 3. I wanted to know when he had fallen ill. 4. I wondered if he had taken his temperature. 5. I asked him if the doctor had given him some medicine. I asked him if he was feeling better now. 6. I asked the man how long he had been in St Peters­burg. 7. I asked him if he was going to a ski resort in Colorado. 8. We asked the girl if her father was still in Moscow. 9. I asked the girl what sort of work her father did.


Упражнение 334

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. “Do you like my pies, Ann?” asked her grand­mother. 2. “Stop shouting and do your home­work,” Tom’s mother said to him. 3. “What did you do at school yesterday, John?” said his father. 4. “Will you play the piano today, Helen?” asked her aunt. 5. My uncle said, “We shall visit you next week.” 6. “Don’t cross the street when the lights are red,” said the man to Nick. 7. “I borrowed a very good book from our library yesterday,” said Mike to his fa­ther. 8. “Come to my house tomorrow, Jane,” said Lena. 9. “Where are your books, Betsy?” said her mother.


Упражнение 335

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. “Lock the door when you leave the house,” my elder sister said to me. 2. “Have you received a telegram from your wife?” she asked Robert. 3. Mabel said, “Nothing will change my decision and I shall leave for Cape Town tonight.” 4. “Please don’t smoke in the room,” said the old woman to her nephew. 5. “I am shivering with cold,” said the girl.6.“I want to sit in the armchair,” said the boy. 7. The secretary said to me, “The delegation arrived in St Petersburg yesterday.” 8. “Open the window, please,” she said to me. 9. He said, “I shall light a fire and make myself breakfast.” 10. “Don’t run to the door when you hear the bell,” said the woman to her little daughter. 11. She asked me, “How long are you going to stay here?” 12. Mary asked me, “Will you spend your holidays in Moscow?”


Упражнение 336

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. Father said to Jane, “Show me your exercise book.” 2. “What game are you playing here, boys?” said Kate’s aunt. 3. “Don’t make noise,” Tom’s mother said to him. 4. Helen said to Pete, “Did you play chess with your father yesterday?” 5. Kate said to her grandmother, “Help me (to) cook the soup, please.” 6. Mike said to the teacher, “My sister knows two foreign languages.” 7. Tom said to his sister, “I saw your friend at the library yesterday.” 8.“What have you prepared for today, children?” said the teacher. 9. The teacher said to the pupils, “Don’t open your books.” 10. Mother said to me, “You will go to the cinema tomorrow.”


Упражнение 337

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. “Tom, go to bed,” said his mother. 2. “I have never seen your toys,” said Nellie to Pete. 3. “Give me your French book, Nick,” said the teacher. 4. Ann said to Lena, “Look at my nice kitten.” 5. “We shall go to the zoo tomorrow,” said our grandmother. 6. Mother said to Pete, “Don’t forget to wash your hands.” 7. Nick said to his mother, “I am doing my homework.” 8. “I have learnt a long poem,” said Mike to the teacher. 9. “Don’t play in the street,” said the man to the boys. 10. “Why don’t you drink your tea?” my mother said to me. 11. “I saw my friend at the stadium yesterday,” said Johnny to his mother. 12. “When did you receive this letter?” my friend said to me. 13. “Will you play football with us?” said the boys to Peter.


Упражнение 338

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. “I shall buy some new stamps for you if you give me this one,” said Mike to Kate. 2. “Will you bring your sister to the party with you, Boris?” asked Mary. 3. “Please don’t touch me,” he said to me. 4. My father said, “I think I shall not go to the beach with you today because I am very busy.” 5. “I am very thirsty. Please give me some lemonade, Ann,” said Tom. 6. “Don’t lie to me, Tom,” said Aunt Polly. “I am tired of your lies.” 7. “Are you fond of going to the theatre?” asked my friend. “Have you seen any plays by Shakespeare?” 8. Nellie asked me, “Did you see ‘Hamlet’ last night?” 9. I asked Nel­lie, “Shall we go to the theatre together?” 10. “Does Mike like Shakespeare?” asked Nellie. “Is he going to the theatre tonight?”


Упражнение 339

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. “Why are you shouting, man?” said Prince John to Locksley. “What is your name?” 2. “Who has read ‘Ivanhoe’?” asked the teacher. “Whom was it written by?” 3. One of the pupils asked the teacher of literature, “What novels shall we read next year?” 4. “Is the river Volga in Russia?” asked the French­man. 5. “Are you playing volleyball, girls?” said Ann. “I did not know that you liked it.” 6. “Don’t touch these photographs,” said Peter to us. “They are still wet, and you may spoil them.” 7. “Does your friend often come here, boys?” said Fred. “I want to speak to him.” 8. “How did you manage to solve this difficult problem in such a short time?” my friend said to me. 9. The teacher said to us, “You will write a paper tomorrow.” 10. “I saw a new film yesterday,” said Kate to Nick. “Did you like it?” - asked Nick.


Упражнение 340

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. “Do you know where the Browns live?” we asked a passerby. 2. “There are a lot of trains to my station on Sunday,” said Andrew to us. “You will have no problems getting to my country place.” 3. “Do you often meet my sister at the library?” he asked me. 4. “Will the teacher return our exercise books today?” asked Nick. 5. “My nephew is a very capable young man,” said the woman. “He has just graduated from college, but he is already a very skilful specialist.” 6. “Sit still and don’t move your head,” said the doctor to me. 7. “I want to know how your cousin likes working at this hospital,” said Vera to Helen. 8. “Don’t forget to bring your exer­cise books tomorrow,” the teacher said to us. “You are going to write a very important paper.” 9. “How can I get to the circus?” asked the girl. “Take tram number five,” said the man. 10. “I am very sorry, Kate,” said Mike, “I have forgotten to bring your dictionary.” 11. “When does your mother go shop­ping?” asked the neighbour.



Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. She said, “I am busy today and I shall be bus­ier tomorrow.” 2. Jane said, “I shall come to school early tomorrow.” 3. They said, “We shall not go to school on Sunday.” 4. Mr Dickson said, “I shall have to pay a lot of money for the car.” 5. Peter said to me, “I’ll be waiting for you at the station.” 6. Mary said, “I’ll be back soon.” 7. She said to me, “What are you going to do when you come home?” 8. She said, “I hope I’ll soon speak English well.” 9. He said, “I am sure it will rain tomorrow.” 10. They said, “We shall go to the river tomorrow if it is hot.” 11. He said, “I am sure she will come on time.” 12. She said, “I shall be able to read English news­papers without a dictionary next year.”


Упражнение 342

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1.  The teacher said to us, “You will have to work hard tomorrow.” 2. My girlfriend said to me, “I shall not be able to go for a walk with you today, because I am very busy.” 3. She said to me, “How long are you going to stay in the country?” 4. He said to me, “I like to go to the canteen during the break.” 5. He asked me, “When will you go to the canteen?” 6. John said, “I met them at the airport yesterday.” 7. He said, “I shall come to the party if I am free tomorrow.” 8. She said, “I shall go to the cinema in the evening if I am not very tired.” 9. My mother said to me, “It will be difficult for you to get up tomorrow if you don’t go to bed at once.” 10. Nina said, “I like music and I listen to it every evening before going to bed.” 11. My aunt said, “I shall not be thirsty if I eat some grapes.” 12. Mother said to us, “Don’t go out before I return.” 13. My sister said, “I shall be neither hungry nor thirsty if I have a cup of tea with a sandwich.” 14. Mary said, “Don’t switch the television on, Fred, I am working.”


Упражнение 343

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. “I shall gladly go to the cinema with you because I haven’t seen this film and I want to see it very much,” said my aunt. 2. “Which of you can answer my question?” the teacher asked the pupils. 3. “Do you think that simple food is better for children than calorific food?” she asked the doctor. 4. “Why did our team lose the game?” said Vera. “It has always been very strong.” 5. “Where have you put my book, Mary?” said Tom. “I cannot find it.” 6. “I am very happy,” said Fred. “I have bought a very good bicy­cle.” 7. “Whom are you waiting for, boys?” asked the man. 8. “I shall not go to the party tomorrow be­cause I don’t feel well,” said Mary. 9. “We saw a lot of places of interest when we were travelling around Europe last summer,” said Walter. 10. “I suppose we shall go to the theatre tomorrow,” said Jane. 5. “Please don’t take the books from my table,” said Lena to me. “I have specially prepared them for working on my report.” 12. “Don’t be afraid, Nick,” said his grandfather. “This dog is very clever and it won’t do you any harm.”


Упражнение 344

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. Не said to me, “Come at nine o’clock, I shall be free at that time and we shall have a nice cup of coffee.” 2. Nina asked her friend, “What did the pro­fessor speak about in his lecture?” 3. Aim said, “He is one of the best speakers I have ever heard.” 4. He said, “I haven’t yet seen the film you are talking about.” 5. He said, “I seldom went to see my friend in May as I was very busy.” 6. She asked her brother, “Will you manage to get tickets to the Philharmonic on Sunday?” 7. My friend said, “We arrived in Kiev on Saturday and the next day we went to look round the city.” 8. She said to me, “Did you live in St Petersburg ten years ago?” 9. She said to me, “Are you going to leave St Petersburg for the sum­mer?” 10. My friend said to me, “The discussion will still be going on when you return.” 11. He said, “I am proud of my brother who won the first prize at the competition.” 12. She asked me, “How long have you been living in St Petersburg?” 13. She said, “He has just left.” 14. He asked me, “When will your parents arrive in St Petersburg?” 15. She said to me, “Were you present at the meeting yesterday?”


Упражнение 345

Восстановите прямую речь в следующих пред­ложениях.

1. Mary wondered if Jane would be busy the next day. 2. John asked Mary if she was afraid of thun­der storm. 3. He asked her if she had ever walked in rainy weather. 4. Mary told John that she preferred sunny days. 5. The woman asked her son if he was in a hurry. 6. Ann asked if they would go to the coun­try the next day. 7. Kate asked her friend what she liked to do on her days off. 8. I asked the secretary if I might speak to the head mistress. 9. Nick wanted to know if Helen would give him her book. 10. Tom asked if Jane would come to the Philharmonic with him. Jane asked at what time he was planning to go. Tom said that it would take them long to get there. Jane asked where they would meet.


Упражнение 346

Восстановите прямую речь в следующих пред­ложениях.

1. When I came home, туmother told me that a friend of mine had called on me half an hour before. 2. He said that he studied at Moscow University. 3. She said that her brother was playing chess with her grandfather. 4. George said it was very difficult to play that role. 5. He asked why there were so few people in the street. 6. The man asked the boy if he knew where he lived. 7. The woman told him not to worry and go home quietly. 8. She said that she would sleep in the open air. 9. She wondered if I was going to leave St Petersburg the next day. 10. He told me that he had bought that watch the day before. 11. Ann said that she had just had a telephone call from home. 12. My neighbour asked me to leave the key at my sister’s. 13. He said he could not understand the rule. 14. He told me he had bought a ticket the day before.


Упражнение 347

Восстановите прямую речь в следующих пред­ложениях.

1. Annie said that she had seen the film several months before. 2. Lydia said she had not seen it yet. 3. Boris told me that he wanted to build a radio set. 4.He told me that he had built a radio set. 5. Jack said that he often went to see Bob. 6. She said she had seen Mary that day. 7. Mike said he liked Dick­ens’ novels very much. 8. He told me he had read “Dombey and Son” the year before. 9. The teacher said that the pupils would read the text the next day. 10. She asked me to buy some bread on my way home. 11. Mother told me not to be late for dinner.12. I asked Mike if he had got “Gulliver’s Travels”. 13. Mike asked me if I had read “Robinson Crusoe” by Daniel Defoe. 14. I asked John if he would be at home at three o’clock. 15. Nick asked Pete what he had seen at the museum. 16. The teacher asked who was absent. 17. The teacher asked who was ill.


Упражнение 348

Восстановите прямую речь в следующих пред­ложениях.

1. I asked my aunt if she was going to her home­town for the holidays. 2. He told me that he hadn’t been able to ring me up because he didn’t have my number. 3. He asked his classmates to wait for him. 4. He asked her if anyone else knew about his arrival. 5. I asked him when he would take his last exam. 6. He asked me if I had taken part in the football match. 7. She asked me where I lived. 8. He said that he had joined a sports club. 9. He told me that he had seen my brother the day before. 10. She asked me to hurry up as there was little time left before the beginning of the meeting. 11. She asked her friend if the rain had stopped. 12. He answered that it was still raining. 13. My sister told me that she had found the book I was looking for. 14. He said that he didn’t like the main character of the book but he could not explain why. 15. He asked his brother what he would do if he did not find the book he needed.


Упражнение 349

Восстановите прямую речь в следующих предложениях.

1. The man told us to have our passports ready. 2. He told us to pass up the gangway. 3. He said we would find our luggage on deck. 4. I asked my friend if he would go down to his cabin or stay up on deck. 5. He said he was a bad sailor and could not stay on deck. 6. We told the porter to take our luggage to cabin number eight. 7. I asked my friend if he often went to England. 8. He said he did not cross the English Channel very often for it was rough as a rule. 9. My friend asked me if I knew when the boat was due at Southampton. 10. I asked my friend if he thought it would take us long to get through the customs.


Упражнение 350

Ответьте на следующие вопросы, употребляя косвенную речь.

E.g. “I like novels written by Dickens,” said Nina to her friend Vera.

“I have read some of them.” What did Nina say to Vera?

Nina told Vera that she liked novels written by Dickens and that she had read some of them.


 1. “My favourite books are ‘Gulliver’s Travels’ and ‘Robinson Crusoe’,” answered Vera. “And now I am reading a novel by Walter Scott.

What did Vera answer Nina?

2.  “Last year we learnt some poems by Byron and Shelley, they are so beautiful,” said Nina.

What did Nina say?

3. “I know a lot of poems by these great poets. I have read some books about Byron and Shelley, too,” said Vera.

What did Vera tell Nina?

4. “This year we shall read a play by Shakespeare in English,” said Nina.

What did Nina say?


Упражнение 351

Переведите на английский язык. Сравните кон­струкцию повествовательных и повелительных предложений в прямой и косвенной речи.

1. Мой друг сказал: «Все ученики нашего клас­са любят уроки исто­рии.

1. Мой друг сказал, что все ученики их   клас­са любят уроки исто­рии».                   


2. Я сказал ему: «Мы лю­бим уроки англий­ского языка.              

2. Я сказал ему, что мы любим английско­го  языка».                                               


3.Учительница сказа­ла:«Скоро вы буде­те хорошо говорить по -  английски, так как вы много работаете».

3. Учительница сказа­ла, что скоро мы будем  хорошо говорить по-английски, так как мы много работаем.


4.Учитель сказал: «Я уже проверил вашу    контрольную работу.»                                                                            

4. Учитель сказал, что он уже проверил

нашу контрольную рабо­ту.


5.Катя сказала: «Папа в комнате. Он читает».

5. Катя сказала, что папа в комнате и что он чи­тает.


6.Мама сказала: «Не шу­мите! Дедушка спит».

6. Мама сказала нам, что­бы мы не шумели, так как дедушка спит.


7.Аня сказала: «Мы на­шли в лесу много гри­бов».                                                                                               

7.Аня сказала, что они нашли в лесу много грибов.



Упражнение 352   

Переведите на английский язык. Сравните кон­струкцию вопросительных предложений в прямой и косвенной речи.

1. Вчера наш учитель спросил нас:   «Много ли вы читаете? » 

1. Вчера наш учитель спросил нас, много ли мы читаем.


2. Когда он увидел у меня в руках «Дэвида Коп­перфильда», он спро­сил: «Где вы взяли эту книгу?»

2. Когда он увидел у меня в руках «Дэвид Копперфильда», он спросил, где я взял эту книгу.


3.Потом он спросил: «Знаете ли вы что- нибудь об авторе этой книги?»                                                                   

3. Потом он спросил, знаю ли я что-нибудь об авторе книги.


4.Миша спросил меня: «Когда ты пойдешь покупать книги?»

4. Миша спросил меня, когда я пойду покупать книг


Упражнение 353

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. “Did you run a race yesterday?” said Peter. “Yes, we did,” said Ann. “Tamara was the first to come to the finish.” 2. “Where is my bag, mother?” asked Tom. “I have put it on the chair near the door,” said his mother. “Don’t forget to put your diction­ary into it.” 3. “Why can’t we play here, mother?” asked the children. “Father is sleeping,” said their mother. “He has worked very hard today. Keep quiet.” 4. “Why do you help her?” said Alex to us. “She is lazy. She can do everything herself.” 5. “I don’t want to go to the zoo. I was there last week with my cousin and saw all the animals,” said Lena. 6. “Look at my stamps, father,” said Nick. “When will you buy some new ones for me?” 7. “I can’t do this exercise: it is too difficult,” said Tanya. “Why didn’t you ask your teacher to explain it?” said her brother. 8. “Can you see the lights over there in the distance?” said the lighthouse keeper. “Yes, I can,” said his assistant. “A ship is giving signals.       


Упражнение 354

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. “Let’s play badminton,” said Nina. “All right,” said Mike. “I like to play badminton very much.” 2. “Let’s run a race,” said Bill. “No,” said Jack. “I hurt my foot three days ago and now I cannot' run.” 3. “Will you show me your new flat?” said Tom. “Of course,” said Becky. “Come to our place to­morrow.” 4. “I shall go to see my friend tomorrow,” said Kate. “Will you come with me?” “Yes, I shall,” said Pete. “I want to see your friend.” 5. “Does your friend always come to school so early?” said Victor. “No,” said Mary. “She came so early this morning because she is on duty today.”6. “There is a new film on at our cinema,” said Lena. “Let’s go and see it.” “No, I can’t,” said Mike. “I shall be busy.” 7. “What shall we do with Nick?” said Ann. “He has got a bad mark again.” “Let’s help him with his Russian,” said Pete. “I am sure we can do it.”


Упражнение 355

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. Не said, “We have forgotten to take the ball!” 2. She said, “I shall be very glad to see you.” 3. “Let’s go,to the Philharmonic. There is a good concert there tonight,” said Walter. “Oh, very good,” said Robert. “I haven’t been to the Philharmonic for a long time.” 4. Alex asked me, “Have you ever been to the National Gallery?” “Yes, I have,” I said. “I vis­ited it last year when we were staying in London.” 5. He said, “Who is this man? I don’t know him.” 6. I thought, “He is a very clever man: he can help me.” 7. My brother said, “In two hours I shall have finished my work and then I shall go to the cine­ma.” Then he said to me, “Let’s go together.” “All right,” I said. 8. The teacher said, “Open your books and begin reading the new text.” 9. The girl asked, “What is the price of this dress?” 10. “Please help me with this problem, I cannot solve it,” I said to my father. “All right,” said my father, “let’s try to solve it together.” 11. “Let’s go to Finland for the winter holidays,” said Kate. “No,” said Andrew, “we have already been to Finland. Let’s go to Greece. It will be very interesting to see the country we have read about so much.” “All right,” said Kate, “let’s go.” 12. Nellie said, “Yesterday I went to see Paul, but he was not at home.” “Let’s go to see him today,” said Nick. “I think he will be at home.” “No,” said Nellie, “I can’t go today, I am very busy.”


Упражнение 356

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. “That’s enough,” said Tom’s mother, “he will never go there again. I shall see to it.” 2. “Who will read the next story?” asked grandmother. “It is very interesting, and I am sure you all will like it.” 3. “Will you come and see me on Friday?” Lena asked her friend. “All right,” said her friend, “I think I shall be free on Friday.” 4. “Will you need the book for along time?” he asked me. “I can give it to you only for a few days.” 5. “Soon I shall know the whole poem perfectly,” said Mary. “I have already learnt more than half of it.” 6. “Will you be able to find their house without me?” said John to me. “You have never been to those parts.” 7. “Please, please don’t ask me any more questions,” she said to me, “I am very tired. I shall answer all your questions tomorrow.” 8. “I shall finish reading the book by Monday, and then you can have it,” he said to me. 9. “I haven’t seen him since last year,” said Lena, “and I think he has grown. Let’s go and see him to­morrow.” “All right,” I said. “It will be interesting to see him and talk to him.” 10. “Do you think it is really correct?” I asked my friend. “I am afraid you have made a mistake in one or two words.”


Упражнение 357

Восстановите прямую речь в следующих пред­ложениях.

1. Не told me not to call on him the next day as he would not be at home. 2. The officer ordered the soldiers to wait for him. 3. He said that he had lived in St Petersburg for many years and knew the city very well. 4. I told my brother that I was sorry he hadn’t kept his promise. 5. John told his friend that he had just come from the United States and intended to stay in St Petersburg for about a month. 6. Our monitor said that he was not satisfied with his report and was going to work on it for some more time. He said that he was to make it on the twelfth of February and so he had a few days left. 7. He said that he was quite all right. The climate hadn’t done him any harm. 8. A man came up and asked me where he could buy a video cassette. 9. I asked my brother who had rung him up in the morning.


Упражнение 358

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. The shop assistant said, “The shoe department is downstairs.” 2. The professor said to his assistant, “You have made great progress.” 3. The teacher said to us, “You must read this text at home.” 4. Paul said, “We shall have to discuss this text tomorrow.” 5. She asked me, “Do you know who has taken my book?” 6. We asked him, “What has happened to you? You look so pale!” 7. She said to me, “I hope you haven’t forgotten to post the letter.” 8. She asked me, “Where have you put my gloves? I cannot find them.” 9. They said to me, “Try this coat on before buying it. Maybe you won’t like it when you have put it on.” 10. Someone called me last night. The man said, “Is that Michael? My name is Brown. I have come from London today. I have brought you some books from your friends. I am staying at the Grand Hotel Europe. When and where can we meet?” “Let’s meet at the Pushkin monument in Arts Square at five o’clock if it is convenient for you,” I said. “All right,” he answered, “I shall be there.


Упражнение 359

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. “Have you got a Russian-English dictionary?” he asked me. “Can you let me have it for this evening? I must do some very difficult translation.” “All right,” I said. “I won’t need it tonight.” 2. “I thought about you last night, Lydia,” said Nellie. “Have you decided to go to Omsk with your parents or will you remain here with your aunt until you finish school?” 3. “Have you done your homework or did you leave it till the evening, Bob?” asked Mike. “I thought of inviting you to go to the theatre with me, but I remembered that you nearly always do your home­work in the evening.” 4. “I am fond of Dickens,” said Jack. “I have been reading ‘The Old Curiosity Shop’ the whole week. I like the novel very much. I am read­ing it for the second time.” 5. “I think my friend has finished reading ‘Jane Eyre’,” said Tanya. “I hope she will give it to me soon: I am eager to read it.”


Упражнение 360

Передайте следующий диалог в косвенной речи.

Mother:      Nick! Do you hear the alarm clock? Wake up!

Nick:           Oh, I am so sleepy!

Mother:      Well, that’s what you always say. Now, get out of bed quickly.

Nick:           Oh!

Mother:       Be quick, or you will be late for school. Nick: No fear. I have a lot of time.


Упражнение 361

Передайте следующий диалог в косвенной речи.

Jane:        May I come in?

Kate:       Is that you, Jane? Come in! It is very good of you to come and see me.

Jane:        I came before, but you were too ill to see anybody. Did you get the flowers?

Kate:       Surely, I did. It was very nice of you to send them to me.

Jane:        How are you now?

Kate:        Oh, I am much better, thank you. The doctor says that I shall be allowed to go out in a few days.

Jane:       Do you miss school?

Kate:       Very much. I am afraid I’ll be lagging behind the group in my lessons now.

Jane:       Don’t think about it. We shall help you.

Kate:       Thank you very much.


Упражнение 362

Передайте следующий диалог в косвенной речи.

Peter:     Are you coming my way?

John:       Yes, I am. How are you getting along?

Peter:      Jolly well. How did you find the last test in geometry?

John:       Rather difficult. I am not very good at solv­ing problems.

Peter:      Why don’t you ask me to help you? I’ll gladly do it.

John:      Oh, thanks a lot. I shall. Have you got a lot of homework for tomorrow?

Peter:  Yes. You know the timetable, Friday is always a bad day. We have six lessons tomorrow, and all the subjects are difficult. Besides, there will be questions from my little sister. She is not very good at sums.

John:        All right, then. I’ll come to your place tomor­row evening, if you don’t mind.

Peter:       Let’s make it tomorrow. I’ll be waiting for you.


Упражнение 363

Передайте следующий диалог в косвенной речи.

Susan:        Good morning, doctor.

Doctor:      Good morning, Susan. What’s the matter with you?

Susan:       I feel bad. I have a headache, and I am afraid I am running a temperature.

Doctor:      Open your mouth and show me your throat.

You have a bad cold, Susan. You must stay in bed for two days until your temperature is normal and you stop coughing.

Susan:        How I hate being ill and staying in bed! Doctor: But if you are not careful, you  may fall ill with the flu or pneumonia. I’ll prescribe some medicine.

Susan:      Thank you, doctor. Goodbye.                   


Упражнение 364

Передайте следующий диалог в косвенной речи.

Michael:     I say, Bill, can you show me around a bit?

I only came here two days ago and I haven’t been anywhere as yet.

Bill:             Of course, I shall do it with pleasure. Let’s go at once. And let’s invite Alice to come with us. She knows a lot about the places of interest here.

Michael:     That’s a good idea.

Bill:          Alice, can you come with us? We are go­ing for a walk, and I want to show Michael some places of interest.

Alice:          No, I can’t go with you, boys. I am sorry.

Mother told me to do the shopping, and I forgot about it. I shall have to do it now. Go without me. I shall go with you some other time.

Bill:           It’s a pity. All right, Michael, let’s go.


Упражнение 365

Передайте следующий диалог в косвенной речи.

Waiter:       What will you order?

Man:           Give me the menu, please.

Waiter:        Here you are.

Man:         Chicken soup for the first course... Waiter: For the second course I  recommend you to take fried fish. It is very good.

Man:            All right, bring me fried fish.

Waiter:         Any vegetables?

Man:            Yes, bring me some potatoes, and then cheese, coffee and fruit.

Waiter:         Yes, sir.



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