ВРЕМЕННЫЕ ФОРМЫ АНГЛИЙСКОГО ГЛАГОЛА

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Таблица  30

 

 

 

 

Рresent

 

 

Past

 

 

Future

 

Основные случаи употребления

 Indefinite

 

 

 

He writes letters every week.

writes

does               write

 

Does he write letters every week?

He does not (doesn’t) write letters every week.

He wrote the letter yesterday.

wrote

             did                 write

 

Did he write the letter yesterday?

He did not (didn’t) write the letter yesterday.

He will write the letter tomorrow.

will write

 

 

Will he write the letter tomorrow?

He will not (won’t)write the letter tomorrow.

Действие относится к настоя­щему, прошедшему или буду­щему времени, без уточнения условий или характера проте­кания действия, т. е. мы говорим о действии, которое происходит, происходило или будет происходить вообще, констатируем факт.

 

 

 Continuous

 

He is writing the letter now.

 

 

is writing

Is he writing the letter now?

He is not (isn’t) writing the letter now.

 

He was writing the letter then.

 

 

was writing

Was he writing the letter then?

He was not (wasn’t) writing the letter then.

 

He will be writing the let­ter tomorrow after supper.

 

will be writing

Will he be writing the letter tomorrow after supper?

He will not (won’t) be writing the letter after supper.

 

Действие происходит в опре­деленный момент настоящего, прошедшего или будущего времени (длится какой-то промежуток в настоящем, прошедшем или будущем вре­мени), т. е. действие рассмат­ривается как процесс.

 

Perfect

 

He has written the letter already.

 

has written

Has he already written the letter?

He has not (hasn’t) written the letter yet.

 

He had written the letter when the phone rang.

 

had written

Had he written the letter when the phone rang?

He had not (hadn’t) written the letter when the phone rang.

 

He will have written the letter by that time.

 

will have written

Will he have written the letter by that time?

He will not (won’t) have written the letter by that time.

 

Действие началось до настоя­щего времени, или начнется до определенного времени в буду­щем, или началось до опреде­ленного момента в прошлом. К определенному моменту вре­мени в настоящем, будущем или прошлом оно уже (или еще не) закончилось или закончит­ся, т. е. своими результатами связано с данным моментом.

 

 Perfect Continuous

 

He has been writing the letter for an hour.

 

has been writing

Has he been writing the letter for an hour?

 

He has not (hasn’t) been writing the letter for an hour.

 

He had been writing the letter for a long time.

 

had been writing

Had he been writing the letter for a long time?

 

He had not (hadn’t) been writing the letter for a long time.

 

He will have been writing the letter for two hours by five o’clock.

will have been writing

Will he have been writing the letter for two hours by five o’clock?

He will not (won’t) have been writing the letter for two hours by five o’clock.

 

Действие началось до настоя­щего времени, происходит в определенный момент настоя­щего, прошедшего или буду­щего времени, связано с дан­ным моментом, но еще не за­кончившееся, т. е. при нали­чии определенного результата действие еще продолжается.

Яндекс.Метрика Запчасти для снегоуборщиков