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         I am going to tell you about one of the most popular games. It is basketball.

        The game of basketball has evolved a great deal throughout the years. Basketball was invented on December 21, 1891. The inventor of the game was a Canadian clergyman, James Naismith.

         The game of basketball was fashioned from fragments of other games, seeking to eliminate flaws of rugby, soccer.

         Basketball was first played in the United States. In fact, the first game was played at one training school, now called Springfield College.

         Basketball is a simple game. The equipment used in the game is also very simple. In addition to the field itself, all that  is needed for a game is a ball. The very first ball that was used was a soccer ball until 1894 when an actual «basketball» was invented. The basketball ball was slightly smaller, about 30 in­ches in diameter. The first baskets that were used, were two peach baskets hung from the balcony of the gymnasium.

         In 1893, the backboard was invented. The first backboard was constructed out of wire mesh, then wood and now it is made out of glass so the backboard does not interfere with the vie­wing of the game. Around that time, there was no name for this game.

        By 1906, the peach baskets were replaced by metal baskets with holes in the bottom. This was better than in the early days, when a ladder was used to climb and fetch the ball out of the basket. Finally, in 1913 a hoop with a net was invented. In my opinion, the invention of the hoop and net was a major step in the developing of the game of basketball. Due to the free fal­ling ball, the game’s tempo increased, which allowed the game of basketball to develop even more.

         In 1921, one man named the game «basketball* and it has been called basketball ever since.

         In the very beginning Naismith introduced thirteen ori­ginal rules for the game of basketball, in which 12 out of the 13 original rules were still used up to 1934. The only rule, which changed, was that a player was now allowed to dribble a basketball. The rule of dribbling the basketball was first used in 1896 at a basketball game at Yale University. With the in­troduction of the 13 original rules, Naismith created four fun­damental principals, which stayed in the game from 1891 to 1937. These four fundamental principals stated, players with the ball must not make progress, the goal is above the head of the players, roughness is eliminated and a player may not re­ceive the ball by use of contact.

         Through the years of 1891 to the 1940’s there were many rule changes as well as addition of rules to the game of basket­ball. By 1898, basketball leagues were starting to form in the United States. In 1898, professional basketball was being played. The league was called the National Basketball League(NBL). The National Basketball League was made up of four teams like New York, Philadelphia, Brooklyn and New Jersey.

           By 1932 basketball was officially gaining international sta­tus with the founding of the International Amateur Basket­ball Federation in Geneva, Switzerland. In 1946, the Basket­ball Association of America was formed but it did not go far well because it was competing against the National Basketball League. But in 1949, the Basketball Association of America and the National Basketball League joined together.

         They changed their name to the National Basketball Asso­ciation (NBA). Throughout the formation of the league there were many rules that were added to the game of basketball. In 1930’s, Kenny Sailor invented the jump shot. Also in the 1940’s, Bob Kurland used block- shots. In 1952 the foul lane was widened and the three-second rule was put into affect, so centres could not station themselves in front of the basket all the time. During the 1950’s the National Basketball Associa­tion was on the rise. During the 1970’s and 1980’s the expan­sion of the NBA had gone wild. In the mid 1980’s and early 1990’s Michael Jordan, who was one of the greatest players in NBA history, dominated the game and took it to a wholly new level.

         At this time, basketball was increasing in popularity. No­wadays it is played by 176 nations.






1. When was the game of basketball invented?

2. Where was the first game of basketball played?

3. What was the first basketball ball?

4. When was an actual «basketball» ball invented?

5. When were basketball hoop and net invented?

6. How many original rules were there in the game of bas­ketball when it was invented?

7. When was the first professional basketball match played?

8. When did the game of basketball officially gain its in­ternational status?

9. How and when did the National Basketball Association appear?

10. Who invented the jump shot?

11. When was the three-point line introduced?





to evolve — эволюционировать, развиваться

to invent — изобретать, создавать, придумывать

clergyman — священник

to fashion — зд.создавать, сформировать

to eliminate — устранять, исключать

flaw — перен.изъян, недостаток

rugby — регби (тж. rugby football)

soccer — футбол (по правилам Национальной ассоциа­ции футболистов Великобритании)

basket — корзина

slightly — мало, незначительно, несущественно, немно­го, слегка

inch — дюйм (= 2,5 см)

peach — персик

to hang (past. hung, p.p. hung) — вешать, подвешивать

bottom — низ, нижняя часть

ladder — лестница

to climb — взбираться, влезать

to fetch — достать

hoop — кольцо, обод

net — сеть, сетка

to develop — развивать

due to — благодаря

tempo — ритм, темп

to increase — возрастать, увеличиваться) ; расти

backboard — баскетбольный щит

wire mesh — проволочная сетка

to interfere — служить препятствием, мешать,

to dribble — вести мяч

roughness — грубость

to gain — получать, приобретать; добиваться

amateur — любитель

Geneva — город Женева

Switzerland — Швейцария

to compete — соревноваться

to join — присоединиться, объединиться

jump shot — бросок мяча в прыжке

block- shot — блок-шот

foullane — штрафная зона

to put into affect — зд.ввести в действие, задействовать

rise — повышение, подъем

expansion — распространение, экспансия; рост, развитие

Скачать русский перевод текстов будет доступно после оплаты.

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Тариф "Недельный завал"

Возможность скачивать и просматривать все материалы в течении 1 недели.

Цена: 100 руб.
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